Wadiah, A Sale With A Loss
There are three different types of Bayu-Al-Amanah, which in Islamic finance is a fiduciary sale. The first two types are Murabahah and Tawliyah. The final type of Bayu-Al-Amanah is Wadiah, which represents a sale at a specified loss. In order for you to grasp the understanding of Wadiah, you should first try to get to know all three options available for Bayu-Al-Amanah so that you can choose the proper Muslim banking investment vehicle to meet your needs. In Islamic finance, Bayu-Al-Amanah represents a fiduciary sale. There are three different types of Bayu-Al-Amanah, of which Murabahaand Tawliyah are the first two, and the third is Wadiah.
It is important to consider the differences between each type of situation. In amurabaha situation, the cost consideration in the sale involves a markup for the seller based on whatever the markup value is in combination with what needs to be earned in order for the deal to be made worthwhile. In other words, there is some markup involved in Murabaha that is not involved in Wadiah. When it comes to Wadiah, on the other hand, what you are looking at is a sale that includes a specified loss for the seller rather than a gain. This is the primary thing that sets the various types of Bayu-Al-Amanah apart.
Wadiah can be looked at as a safekeeping of a deposit in Islamic finance. When it comes to Muslim banking, this type of deposit would be held within a trust known as Amanah. Should the depositor pay for the favor, then the depository is going to replace it in any situation where it has become lost. Using this deposit by the bank is generally going to be subject to a decision from the person responsible for making the deposit. When it comes to practical terms you can look at it as this. The bank client is going to accept usage over the deposit by the bank, but will not be entitled to participation in the profiting or the loss. The deposit, on the other hand, is completely guaranteed.
There are some scholars that have permitted the offering of a gift, known as hibah, for the usage of the deposit, but it has no contractual obligation associated with the usage. In other words, the depository has the sole discretion to decide whether or not the deposit is used. This is a particularly popular type of account in certain situations including in the United States where it is becoming increasingly popular for lenders to cater to Muslim banking and Islamic finance situations.
In Islamic finance and Muslim banking situations, understanding the different types of sales that are available is an important part of making sure that you get a fair deal. Financing sales involving Muslim and Islamic rules and religious law is a consideration that many lenders are beginning to participate in, since there are specific rules, laws and constraints that have to be followed when it comes to fairness in lending and borrowing according to the Muslim faith.